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Who rabies guidelines 2021

NNATIONAL GUIDELINES FOR RABIES PROPHYLAXIS AND MANAGEMENT IN NEPALATIONAL GUIDELINES FOR RABIES PROPHYLAXIS AND MANAGEMENT IN NEPAL Foreword Acknowledgement Abbreviations and Acronyms Chapters 1. Introduction 2. 4/10/2019 11:24:46 AM. 27 September 2019 | Geneva -- Despite being 100% preventable, rabies continues to plague the world's most vulnerable populations. Vaccination can end this social injustice. The Scientific and Operational Updates in Rabies - a collection of scientific articles - provides the evidence to countries to develop strategies and. WHO announces new rabies recommendations. 15 January 2018 | Geneva −− The new WHO recommendations for rabies immunization supersede the 2010 WHO position on pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) and post-exposure prophylaxis (PEP) for rabies. These updated recommendations are based on new evidence and directed by public health needs that are cost. the incidence of human rabies in the recent times from 4 cases in 2017 to 1 case in 2019. This has been mainly possible by providing uninterrupted rabies prophylaxis free of cost to animal bite victims despite frequent shortages of rabies biologicals in the state and country

Management of Potential Rabies Exposures Guideline, 2019 . 4 . of Potential Rabies Exposures Guideline, 2018 (or as current); and the Rabies Prevention and Control Protocol, 2018 (or as current). Requirement 14. The board of health shall address the prevention and control of rabies threats as per a local Rabies Contingency Plan and in. Top 10 General Considerations in Rabies PEP Wounds must be immediately washed/flushed for 15 minutes and disinfected 2. Rabies PEP should be instituted immediately. PEP consists of a course of potent, effective rabies vaccine that meets WHO recommendations and administration of rabies immunoglobuli

Avoid the madness of rabies submissions - Texas A&M

Rabies vaccines and immunoglobulins: WHO position April 2018 The April 2018 position paper replaces the 2010 WHO position on rabies vaccines. It presents new evidence in the field of rabies and the use of rabies vaccines, focussing on programmatic feasibility, simplification of vaccination schedules and improved cost-effectiveness Rabies. Rabies is a zoonotic viral disease which infects domestic and wild animals. It is transmitted to other animals and humans through close contact with saliva from infected animals (i.e. bites, scratches, licks on broken skin and mucous membranes). Once symptoms of the disease develop, rabies is fatal to both animals and humans

ACIP approved the following recommendations by majority vote at its February 24-25, 2021 meeting. ACIP recommends a 2-dose [0, 7 days] intramuscular rabies vaccine series in immunocompetent persons ≥18 years of age for whom rabies vaccine pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) is indicated Purpose of review Rabies is virtually always fatal; however, it is nearly 100% preventable with timely and appropriate prophylactic immunization. This review summarizes the recently revised WHO guidelines for rabies prophylaxis published in 2018, following a scientific review by a strategic advisory group of experts on immunization. The scientific basis for the major changes and its.

Rabies is a fatal but preventable viral disease. It can spread to people and pets if they are bitten or scratched by a rabid animal. In the United States, rabies is mostly found in wild animals like bats, raccoons, skunks, and foxes Zhao H, Zhang J, Cheng C, Zhou YH. Rabies Acquired through Mucosal Exposure, China, 2013. Emerg Infect Dis. 2019 May. 25 (5):1028-1029.. . Centers for Disease Control and Prevention rabies vaccines have been made available to prevent rabies in both humans and animals. Despite all these efforts, the Philippines is still burdened by this highly preventable disease. The statistics are alarming: Animal bite case rates across the country have increased from 2014 to 2018. In 2018, a total of 1.1 million animal bites were registered

WHO Rabie

WHO WHO announces new rabies recommendation

  1. Rabies Information for Specific Groups. Rabies is found on all continents except Antarctica. In most countries, the risk of rabies in an encounter with an animal and the precautions necessary to prevent rabies are the same as they are in the United States. When traveling, it is always prudent to avoid approaching any wild or domestic animal
  2. istration of both HRIG and rabies vaccine
  3. The Compendium of Animal Rabies Prevention and Control pdf icon [PDF - 259KB] external icon is published by the National Association of State Public Health Veterinarians (NASPHV). The recommendations in this document serve as a basis for animal rabies prevention and control programs throughout the United States and facilitate standardization of procedures among jurisdictions, thereby.
  4. 1 National Rabies Control Programme: National Guidelines on Rabies Prophylaxis. Delhi: 2015. 2 National Department of Health, Affordable Medicines: Hospital Level Adults Standard Treatment Guidelines and Essential Medicine List, 2015 Edition. National Department of Health, Affordable Medicines: Hospital Level Paediatrics Standard Treatmen
  5. Rabies in humans is a preventable disease if exposure is recognized and treatment is given in a timely manner. Exposure to rabies may occur by any of the following (other possible routes of exposure exist but are rare): A direct bite from a contagious rabid mammal
  6. iv WHO Guidelines on Tuberculosis Infection Prevention and Control 2019 UPDATE AbbreviAtions ACH air changes per hour AMR antimicrobial resistance CI confidence interval DOI declaration of interest DR-TB drug-resistant TB DST drug-susceptibility testing GNI gross national income GRADE Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development and Evaluation GUV germicidal ultraviolet ligh

Updated guidelines on managing rabies post-exposure August 2020. 30 October 2019. Updated guidelines with reference to a new version of the form. Added clarification on category 2 and 3 bites. PHE version. This updates 'HPA guidelines on managing rabies post-exposure prophylaxis (January 2013)'. Changes to the guidance include a new category of 'partially immune' for those individuals who are not fully immune but have received vaccine in the past, advice on what to do if it is more than 10 years since the last rabies vaccine, an Investigative Guidelines: Rabies (pdf) Animal Bite Case Report Form (pdf) Data. Rabies data is included in the Annual Oregon Selected Communicable Disease Summary Communicable Disease Summary; Oregon rabies tests 2000-2019 (pdf) State rabies maps (pdf Newer guidelines - WHO Rabies prophylaxis Dr Amir Maroof Khan, MD, FAIMER (CMCL) Honorary Secretary, Consortium Against Rabies, Delhi khanamirmaroof@yahoo.com; consortiumagainstrabies@gmail.com. WHO or National or state guidelines •WHO recommends 11/24/2019 12:53:53 PM.

ACIP Vaccine Recommendations and Schedules CD

Structure of the guidelines along the continuum of care xxviii 1. INTRODUCTION 1 1.1. Goals and objectives 1 1.2. Related WHO materials and guidelines 2 1.3. Target audience 2 1.4. Guiding principles 2 2. METHODOLOGY AND PROCESS OF DEVELOPING THE GUIDELINES 5 2.1. WHO guideline development process 5 2.2. Roles 8 2.3 ACIP recommends an intramuscular booster dose of rabies vaccine, as an alternative to a titer check, for immunocompetent persons <18 years of age who have sustained and elevated risk for only recognized rabies exposures (i.e., those in risk category #3 of rabies PrEP recommendations table). The booster dose should be administered no sooner than.

Technical Guidelines for H1N1; IEC on Seasonal FLU: for General Public; State/UT - wise, Year-wise number of cases and deaths from 2016-2020; State/UT - wise, Year-wise number of cases and deaths from 2010-2015; Ministry of Health & Family Welfare guidelines and reference material for Seasonal Influenza (H1N1 Rabies is a zoonotic disease (a disease that is transmitted from animals to humans), caused by the rabies virus, of the Lyssavirus genus, within the family Rhabdoviridae. Domestic dogs are the most common reservoir of the virus, with more than 99% of human deaths caused by dog-mediated rabies. The virus is transmitted in the saliva of rabid. Ministry of Health and Long-Term Care / Ministère de la.

Rabies virus can cause a nearly 100% fatal illness in humans and other mammals. The virus is present in some wildlife in Florida and can spread to unvaccinated pets, which then pose a high risk to the pet owner and their family. The main wildlife sources of rabies in Florida are raccoons and bats. Infected raccoons and bats can expose people. The Georgia Poison Center is available for rabies consultation 24 hours a day, seven days a week: Atlanta 404-616-9000, statewide 800-282-5846. Information can also be obtained from local health departments and animal rabies control officers. The Division of Public Health, Epidemiology Branch, provides assistance in difficult or emergency cases. Rabies vaccines pose a unique set of considerations for the veterinarian in that their distribution and use is largely regulated by each individual state or jurisdictions within a state, and foregoing vaccination due to the age or health of the dog may not be prudent or permissible by law

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Administer by the subcutaneous (SQ) route. Initial Vaccination. (Dogs ≤16 Wk of Age) Beginning as early as 6 wk of age, administer sequential doses of a combination vaccine at an interval of 2 to 4 wk until at least 16 wk of age. Dogs that are ~16 wk of age when presented for initial vaccination should receive a second dose 2 to 4 wk later 3 July 2019 . SUBJECT: Rabies Disease and Rabies Vaccine. 1. Purpose. To describe Rabies disease and the vaccine to prevent it. 2. Facts. a. Microbiology. Rabies is a zoonotic disease (a disease that is transmitted from animals to humans), caused by the rabies virus, of the Lyssavirus genus, within the family Rhabdoviridae. b. Disease

Rabies Prevention and Control Program. DESCRIPTION. Rabies is a human infection that occurs after a transdermal bite or scratch by an infected animal, like dogs and cats. It can be transmitted when infectious material, usually saliva, comes into direct contact with a victim's fresh skin lesions. Rabies may also occur, though in very rare. Each year, Alabama participates in an Oral Rabies Vaccine (ORV) Program to control the spread of Rabies in wildlife. For more information, see our Frequently Asked Questions about the ORV Program. Maps of confirmed Rabies cases in Alabama in 2021, 2020, 2019, 2018, 2017, 2016, 2015, 2014, 2013, 2012, 2011, 2010, 200 The Division of Public Health (DPH) cannot test any animal for Rabies unless there was a potential human exposure. Please contact the Office of Infectious Disease Epidemiology at 888-295-5156 to determine whether there is an exposure that meets the criteria for testing. If the animal does not meet the criteria for testing, DPH recommends. Rabies occurs in wild and companion animals (or there are no data to prove otherwise). Related lyssaviruses in bats. Bats. Bats may carry rabies-like viruses in countries which are declared rabies. underway to determine the animal's rabies status. Additional guidelines to help determine when to start treatment include: Domesticated animals, where the victim cannot be 100% sure of what the animal looked like should not have treatment delayed if rabies prophylaxis is indicated

Scientific and Operational Updates on Rabies To the extent permissible under applicable laws, no responsibility is assumed by the Publisher nor by the Sponsor for any injury and/or damage to persons or property as a result of any actual or alleged libellous statements, infringement of intellectual property or privacy rights, or products liability, whether resulting from negligence or otherwise. National Guidelines on Rabies Prophylaxis; The content of this module has been validated by Dr M.K. Sudarshan, Rajiv Gandhi Institute of Public Health and Centre for Disease Control, Bangalore on 9th March 2015 . The period between infection and the first flu-like symptoms is typically 2 to 12 weeks. Initially the symptoms usually include one. Human Rabies Prevention -United States, 2008: Recommendations of the Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP). CDC MMWR 2008; 57 (No. RR-3). Use of a Reduced (4-Dose) Vaccine Schedule for Postexposure Prophylaxis to Prevent Human Rabies: Recommendations of the Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP) What is rabies? Rabies is a deadly disease caused by a virus that attacks the central nervous system. The virus is present primarily in the saliva, brain tissue and spinal fluid of a rabid animal. What animals can get rabies? Rabies can affect all mammals. Since 1995 in the United States, more than 7,000 animals per year--most of them wild--have been diagnosed as having th

WHO's new rabies recommendations: implications for high

Any mammal can be infected with rabies; however, like human rabies, land animal rabies is rare in Mississippi. Since 1961 only a single case of land animal rabies (a feral cat in 2015) has been identified in our state. In the United States raccoons, skunks, and foxes are the most commonly identified land animals with rabies When human rabies occurs due to exposure outside of the United States it is usually the result of the bite of a rabid dog. In Washington, there have been two cases of human rabies identified during the last 25 years. In 1995, a four-year-old child died of rabies four weeks after a bat was found in her bedroom; and in 1997, a 64-year-old man was. 6 February 2019. Added alert regarding falsified rabies vaccine in the Philippines. 2 November 2018. Added Rabies epidemiology transmission and prevention. 1 October 2018. Added Rabies: risks from. This web page provides information on rabies testing. This includes Specimen Delivery to the Laboratory, Specimen Submission Guidelines, Shipping and Handling of Specimens, Turnaround Time and Reporting of Rabies Results Emergency Testing of Rabies Specimens, Inquiries, Result Interpretation, and Testing of Human Specimen Rabies is a virus ( Lyssavirus ) that can be transmitted when saliva or neural tissue of an infected animal is introduced into the body of a healthy person or animal. It infects cells in the central nervous system, causing disease in the brain and, ultimately, death. Any mammal has the ability to carry and transmit the disease to humans or pets

Maine Animal Rabies 2019. Rabies testing is done by both the Health and Environmental Testing Laboratory and USDA APHIS Wildlife Services. Positive rabies results are listed in the two tables below. The total number of positive rabies cases in Maine is determined by adding the totals of each of the two tables together Rabies is caused by a neurotropic virus of the family Rhabdoviridae, genus Lyssavirus, subgroup rabies virus. The virus is commonly transmitted via saliva that contaminates bites, scratches, and wounds, and, recently, via mucosal exposure. [] Rabies transmission via transplanted neurologic tissues (corneas) and solid organs has also been documented

Rabies CD

received prompt PEP following the guidelines found in this manual. Since the mid-1900s, the number of human rabies cases has declined significantly in the United States. This is probably due to several factors. Improved domestic animal control (includin Rabies vaccine (HDCV or PCECV).This vaccine should be used concurrently with RabIg to help develop active immunity. Vaccination schedules depend on previous history of vaccination and co-morbidities. For post-exposure prophylaxis of previously unimmunized immunocompetent persons, 4 doses of vaccine should be administered on days 0, 3, 7 and 14

Animals that are ill with rabies may have signs including abnormal behavior, difficulty swallowing, poor balance, paralysis and seizures. The first symptoms of people ill with rabies can be very similar to flu, but symptoms quickly progress and may include prickling or itching sensation at the site of bite, anxiety, confusion, hallucinations. Rabies vaccine can be given intramuscularly or intradermally. The benefit of intradermal vaccination is that a small volume (0.1 mL in 2 sites) is used, which can be an advantage when the supply of rabies vaccine is limited. Post-exposure vaccination options are: Intradermal vaccination (two sites) on days 0, 3 and 7 IAP Advisory Committee on Vaccines & Immunization(ACVIP) endorses the new schedule suggested by WHO in 2018 as below- Pre-exposure prophylaxis (Pre-EP) is recommended in the following two situations. • Children exposed to pets in home. • Children identified to have a higher risk of being bitten by dogs. Vaccine schedule recommended by WHO PRE- Exposure Prophylaxis 1-site vaccine.

What are the CDC and WHO recommendations for rabies

7. Administrative Order No. 2018-0013 entitled Revised Guidelines on the Management of Rabies Exposures: Ensure availability of anti-rabies vaccines to allow the use of Non-WHO Prequalified Rabies Vaccine but registered and approved by FDA only when there is shortage of vaccines. 8 Rabies: Utah Public Health Disease Investigation Plan Page 6 of 22 12/31/2019 symptoms develop, rabies is typically fatal. Therefore, treatment needs to be initiated as soon as possible following exposure. If person is immunosuppressed, recommendation is five doses of vaccine on days 0, 3, 7, 14, and 21. Case Fatalit Rabies. Rabies is a preventable viral disease of mammals most often transmitted through the bite of a rabid animal. The vast majority of rabies cases reported to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) each year occur in wild animals like raccoons, skunks, bats, and foxes.Domestic animals account for less than 10% of the reported rabies cases, with cats, cattle, and dogs most. Author summary Rabies is an acute zoonosis with a mortality rate of almost 100% following the onset of symptoms. In China, the increased access to post-exposure prophylaxis has substantially reduced the number of human rabies deaths. However, rabies continues to circulate in many rural parts of the country, resulting in hundreds of rabid dog-related exposures and deaths each year The guidelines established by the Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP) are used to assess and determine a true rabies exposure. In the event that the incident in question does not warrant rabies PEP, the department will provide the name of a source from which anti-rabies biologicals may be purchased to the medical professional

Contributing to the elimination of dog-mediated human

National Rabies Control Programme :: National Centre for

Rabies. Rabies is a disease that affects the nervous system of mammals. It is caused by a virus and is typically spread by an infected animal biting another animal or person. Rabies is a fatal disease; it cannot be treated once symptoms appear. Luckily, rabies can be effectively prevented by vaccination Controlling the occurrence of rabies in domestic dogs is crucial to eradicate human rabies. Domestic dogs serve as major reservoirs of rabies and cause over 90% of human deaths from rabies worldwide [1, 2].In the previous decades, there has been a dramatic decrease in the number of dog-mediated human rabies cases in the western hemisphere because of effective mass dog vaccination in addition.

National Guideline Rabies Prophylaxis In Nepal 2019

  1. In over 120 countries around the world, rabies presents a significant threat to human lives and a considerable public health burden. Around 60,000 people die from rabies annually, whilst tens of millions receive costly post-exposure prophylaxis (PEP) 1.The vast majority of these human rabies cases (>99%) are contracted through the bite of a rabid dog 2
  2. Global Rabies Diagnostics Market size USD 2128 million by 2027, from USD 1739.3 million in 2020, at a CAGR of 2.5% during time interval 2021 forecast till 2027
  3. Rabies is an infectious disease that attacks the central nervous system of mammals and results in their death. At the moment, there is no effective treatment that can guarantee patients' recovery because of the character of the virus and the mechanisms of its functioning (CDC, 2019). Under these conditions, the in-time vaccination shortly.
  4. Rabies is a disease that is caused by a virus. It affects the brain and spinal cord and can cause death if left untreated. Rabies in people is very rare in the United States, but rabies in animals - especially wildlife - is common in most parts of the country including Maine. An animal with rabies is called a rabid animal
  5. 2019 Veterinary Public Health Manual - Canine Rabies Vaccination Exemption Guidelines Keywords: 2019 Veterinary Public Health Manual - Canine Rabies Vaccination Exemption Guidelines, dog, rabies, rabies vaccine, rabies vaccination, exemption, rabies exemption, los angeles, los angeles county, LAC, LA County, veterinarian, veterinary clinic, vet.
  6. Communicable Disease Management Protocol - Rabies December 2019 4 2.2 Reporting of Rabies in Animals: Animal Test Results: A person who is a veterinarian, an officer appointed under The Wildlife Act or The Provincial Parks Act, an inspector appointed or designated under The Animal Diseases Act or a wildlife biologist must report to the Chief Veterinary Office of Manitoba Agriculture at 204.
  7. Rabies is a zoonosis (disease transmitted to humans by animals) caused by a virus that affects domestic and wild animals, and spreads to people through contact with infected saliva through bites or scratches. Rabies is present on all continents, except Antarctica, but more than 95% of human deaths are recorded in Asia and Africa

Rabies Information for Specific Groups Specific Groups CD

  1. current rabies research and scientific literature, rabies prevention guidelines published by the federal Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP) 1, 2. and by the National Association of State Public Health Veterinarians. 3, California state statute and regulations, and established rabies control practices and procedures
  2. consistent with WHO clinical guidelines. National lists should not use a similar symbol and should be specific in their final selection, which would depend on local availability and price. The a symbol indicates that there is an age or weight restriction on use of the medicine; details for each medicine can be found in Table 1.1
  3. 3 SUMMARY OF EXPOSURE CATEGORIES Rabies Exposures (for dogs, cats, and ferrets) are defined as follows: Exposure Category 1: Visible bite wound or wounds known to have been sustained from a known or suspect rabid animal. Exposure Category 2: Situations in which saliva or central nervous system tissue from a known or suspect rabid animal is likely to have had direct contact with mucous.
  4. Although the prognosis is poor in patients who develop rabies, the disease is usually preventable with proper wound care and post-exposure prophylaxis, which was first pioneered by Louis Pasteur in 1885. This topic will discuss when to use rabies prophylaxis. Additional information on rabies biologics (vaccine and immunoglobulin), as well as.
  5. FY20 Montana Rabies Distribution by Species. July 1, 2019 - June 30, 2020 2015-2019 Montana Rabies Distribution by Species.
  6. August 22, 2019 Rabies Immune Globulin-Sparing Guidelines for Ontario: For cases where rabies post-exposure prophylaxis has been recommended Due to a recent human case of rabies in Canada resulting from a bat exposure, there has been a significant increase in the use of rabies immune globulin (RabIg) both in Ontario and across Canada
AMRUT Bulletin (D7) For ORS Week 2019 By Lucknow AcademyAdventist Review Online | Cliff&#39;s Edge--Puppy Love?AAHA Vaccination Guidelines 2017 for Dogs Review | WValosta Varjoon, Viha Surma - Valosta Varjoon / Viha Surma

Rabies Postexposure Prophylaxis (PEP) Medical Care

  1. Guidelines for requesting rabies pre-exposure prophylaxis for individuals with an increased risk of rabies exposure. 21 May 2019. Added updated guidelines (version 3). 21 June 2018
  2. Rabies is a viral illness that can affect humans and other mammals. The virus infects the central nervous system and, once individuals show signs of disease, is almost always fatal. Any mammal can contract the rabies virus. Wild animals, such as raccoons, skunks, bats, and foxes, account for the majority of animal rabies cases reported annually.
  3. Without prior authorization, you may be responsible for treatment expenses. County health agencies are also responsible for managing animal bites and exposure of domestic animals to known or suspect rabid animals. County. Business Hours. After Hours Emergency. Albany. (518) 447-4620. (518) 447-4614. Allegany
  4. Rabies is a very serious zoonotic (from animals) disease caused by a rabies virus. It is transmitted through saliva (spit), usually by the bite of a mammal. This virus infects the brain and nervous system of mammals. If not treated in time, a rabies infection is almost always fatal

Information for Veterinarians Veterinarians Specific

  1. Report Confirmed or Suspect Cases Immediately to the Local Health Department.. Rabies is an infectious disease caused by the rabies virus. Animals infected with rabies display strange behavior such as aggression, and signs of neurologic impairment including vocalization, circling, and paralysis
  2. have not been known to transmit rabies to humans. These species will not be tested except by special arrangement with MDHHS at (517) 335-8165. After 5:00 PM and on weekends, dial (517) 335-9030. [4] Regardless of rabies vaccination status. Though rabies in animals vaccinated against rabies is rare, vaccinated animals can still develop rabies
  3. Rabies is a viral disease of mammals most often transmitted through the bite of a rabid animal. Rabies is still a problem for public health in Nebraska. Rabies in humans is 100% preventable through prompt appropriate medical care. Rabies Information for Health Professionals
  4. 2019 Canine Life Stage Guidelines. For a printable PDF, click here.. Free RACE-approved web conference: Demystifying when to spay or neuter Abstract. The guidelines are an update and extension of the 2012 AAHA Canine Life Stage Guidelines.A noteworthy change from the earlier guidelines is the division of the dog's lifespan into five stages (puppy, young adult, mature adult, senior, and end.
  5. August 22, 2019 . Rabies Immune Globulin - Sparing Guidelines for Ontario: For cases where rabies post-exposure prophylaxis has been recommended . Due to a recent human case of rabies in Canada resulting from a bat exposure, there has been a significant increase in the use of rabies immune globulin (RabIg) both in Ontario and across Canada
  6. Rabies in both animals and humans in Missouri is reportable to the Missouri Department of Health and Senior Services¹. Tragically, in 2008, a human rabies fatality occurred in Missouri in an individual who did not seek medical advice or treatment following a bat bite. Before this, the last human rabies infection in the state was reported in 1959

The National Rabies Prevention and Control Committee (NRPCC) convened at the Sequoia Hotel, Quezon City last January 24, 2014, to reorganize the member- representatives of the different government agencies and non-government organizations of the committee. Current developments and plans on the rabies program were discussed in the meeting The risk of being infected with rabies in Cambodia is very high but people have not paid much attention until a video depicting a dying 10-year-old Cambodian girl infected with rabies, after being. Rabies is a great public health concern because it can be transmitted to humans by the bite of infected animals and is nearly 100% fatal without post exposure treatment. In the 1960s wildlife became the primary source of rabies exposure for domestic animals and humans. Cases of human rabies in the United States have declined with vaccination of. Rabies Vaccination Exemptions in Virginia: What Veterinarians Need to Know Exempting a dog or cat from a routine rabies vaccination schedule is a very serious decision and should always be made judiciously since forgoing vaccination has the potential to adversely affect both animal and human health Improving provision of rabies vaccines for post-exposure prophylaxis is a highly cost-effective intervention that could prevent an additional 489 000 deaths from rabies from 2020 to 2035. Our analyses suggest that investments should prioritise vaccines for post-exposure prophylaxis rather than rabies immunoglobulin, which is costly and has more.